The World Heath Organization (WHO) has declared the Novel Coronavirus a “public health emergency of international concern.” Leading news media indicate that it will likely be classified as a pandemic soon.
Both the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have provided best practices for preventing the spread of the disease, but some experts are suggesting that businesses and countries should be doing more to manage the risk.
The past 20 years has seen the rise of a number of pandemics. Slate recently published an article on what has been learned about treating them in that time. We thought it might be apt for us to take a look back and see what the insurance industry has learned as well.
In 2006, as a result of the avian flu outbreak, Markel introduced a much touted Outbreak Extra Expense coverage (now discontinued). Lloyd’s has also developed business interruption insurance for epidemics as have Marsh/Munich Re. Axis HealthCare has the specialized Medical Catastrophe Business Interruption and Extra Expense product. As noted in many of the articles below, though, policy exclusions usually protect property and casualty lines from being affected by pandemics.
- The Corona Virus and Its Impact on the Insurance Industry, by Elizabeth Blosfield, Insurance Journal TV (February 6, 2020)
- How Can I Keep My Employees Safe from the Coronavirus? by Annemarie Mannion, Risk & Insurance, (February 5, 2020)
- Impact of Coronavirus Outbreak on China Insurers will be “Limited” and “Manageable,” Analysts Say by Eustance Huang, CNBC (February 4, 2020)
- Insurers Brace for Spreading Coronavirus, by Meg Green, BestWeek Global Edition, 4 no. 5 (February 3, 2020): 3-5
- AM Best Analysts: Coronavirus Could Test Insurer’s Enterprise Risk Preparedness, by Meg Green, BestWeek Global Edition, 4 no. 5 (February 3, 2020): 6-7
- Coronavirus Outbreak Places Insurers Under the Spotlight, by Gabriel Olano, Insurance Business Magazine (February, 3, 2020)
- Viral Fear: How a Global Pandemic Kills an Economy: The Next –Novel Influenza Strain Could be the Catalyst for a Global Recession, by Katie Dwyer, Risk & Insurance, 29 no. 6 (August, 2018): 24, 26
- The Next Pandemic, by Lori Widmer, National Underwriter Life & Health, 119 no. 2 (February, 2015): 38-42
- Insurance Coverage and Pandemic Events: What Have We Learned from the Recent Ebola Outbreak? by Paul S. White and Todd M. Rowe, For the Defense, 57 no. 5 (May, 2015): 40-42, 44-49
- How Do Pandemics Affect the Insurance Industry? by Jann Browning, CPCU, ARM, The Standard, 264 no. 25 (June 26, 2009): 10-11
- White Paper on Infectious Disease Cover, by Allan Manning, PhD, (2009) Camberwell, Australia: LMI Group
- Global Warning: Reinsurers Seek a Realistic Assessment of a Pandemics’s Potential Impact, by Marc Jones, Best’s Review, 109 no. 7 (November, 2008): 60-62, 64
- The Impact of a Global Avian Flu Pandemic, by Paul S. White, Dana Hentges Sheridan ann Rina Carmel, For The Defense, 49 no. 5 (May, 2007): 39-50, 80
- AIR has a number of white papers and blog posts on their site with information on pandemics. The most recent, and pertinent to the current situation, is Estimating the Transmissibility of the Novel Coronavirus.
- Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact: Protecting Lives and Livelihoods Across the Global Economy, by the World Economic Forum, (January 18, 2019)
- Quantifying Pandemic Risk, by J. Douglas Fullam, ASA and Nita Madhav, MSPH, CCM The Actuary, 12 no. 1 (February/March, 2015): 29-34
- Infection Disease Modeling: The Science of Pandemic Assessment, by RMS Catastrophe Modeling 2015
- Travel Sickness: Pandemic Risk Models Show Diseases Move More Quickly and with Greater Impact in our Connected World, by Nita Madhav, MSPH, CCM, Best’s Review, 115 no. 8(December, 2014): 50-52
- Global Population Movement: An Important Component for Modeling Pandemic Risk, by Nita Madhav, MSPH, CCM AIR (June 23, 2014)
- Pandemics: Preparing for Business’s Next Big Threat (WEBINAR), by Bob Clark, AlertFind (March 22, 2018)
- Tracking the Zika Pandemic: As the Zika Virus Spreads, Businesses Must Assess the Risks and Develop Plans to Protect Employees, by Lori Widmer, Risk Management Magazine (May 2016): 22-26
- Planning for a Pandemic: Agents Can Play a Key Role, by Phil Zinkewicz, Rough Notes, 153 no. 13 (March, 2010): 48, 50
- Pandemic Influenza in Asia: Potential Risk and Possible Mitigation Strategies, by Hitoshi Oshitani, Natural Hazards Observer, 33 no. 1 (September, 2008): 1, 8-9
The John Liner Review ran a number of articles on enterprise risk management and business continuity and pandemics. Issues to see are: Fall 2007, Summer 2008, Summer 2009, Fall 2009, and Summer 2010.